The Government of the Philippines

The new Philippine Constitution was ratified in early 1987, signaling the country’s return to democracy.

Three branches of Philippine Government:

A.   Executive Branch

  1. President & Vice President ( note: the president is both the chief of state and head of government)
  2. The Cabinet (Secretaries/Head are appointed by the president with the consent of the Commission on Appointments)         
    1. Department of Agrarian Reform
    2. Department of Agriculture
    3. Department of Budget and Management
    4. Department of Education
    5. Department of Energy
    6. Department of Environment and Natural Resources
    7. Department of Finance
    8. Department of Foreign Affairs
    9. Department of the Interior and Local Government
    10. Department of Health
    11. Department of Justice
    12. Department of Labor and Employment
    13. Department of National Defense
    14. National Economic and Development Authority
    15. Office of the Press Secretary
    16. Department of Public Works and Highways
    17. Department of Science and Technology
    18. Department of Social Welfare and Development
    19. Department of Tourism
    20. Department of Trade & Industry
    21. Department of Transportation & Communications
    22. Banko Sentral ng Pilipinas

B.  Legislative Branch (Bicameral Congress or Kongreso)

  1. The Philippine Senate or Senado ng Pilipinas (24 Senators)
  2. House of Representatives or Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (Constitution prohibits the House of Representatives from having more than 250 members

C.  Judicial Branch

  1. Supreme Court of the Philippines (justices are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial and Bar Council and serve until 70 years of age).
  2. Court of Appeals
  3. Sandiganbayan

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