Cayenne (Capsicum annuum or frutescens)

Other Names: Red pepper, Capsaicin, Chili pepper

Medicinal Uses: Pain-relief, Rheumatoid arthritis, Osteoarthritis, Ear infections, Psoriasis, Weight loss, Cluster headaches
 
Cayenne Pepper: (spice) Also known as Red pepper.  Hot and spicier than black pepper. It is superb in that it adds an intense piquancy without masking the flavor of a dish. 
 
The Cayenne, or Guinea pepper, or Bird pepper is a hot, red chili pepper used to flavor dishes and for medicinal purposes. The fruits are generally dried and ground, or pulped and baked into cakes, which are then ground and sifted to make the powdered spice known as cayenne pepper. Hot and spicy, cayenne pepper is available year round adding zest to flavorful dishes around the world and health to those brave enough to risk its fiery heat. It is excellent added to cheese dishes and creamy sauces and soups. The common name “cayenne” was actually given to this pepper because of its cultivation in a town that bears the same name in French Guiana on the northeast coast of South America. Cayenne pepper is an excellent source of vitamin A. It is also a good source of vitamin B6, vitamin C, vitamin K, manganese and dietary fiber. Cayenne pepper should be kept in a tightly sealed glass jar, away from direct sunlight.
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