Who are the 12 Apostles of Jesus Christ?

“ Lent” is the time when most of us Catholics take time to recall and commemorate the sacrifices our Lord Jesus Christ has done for us.  This is our way of thanking Him for the ultimate love of God for men.

We also remember, during this time, the men who were with Him.  “The Apostles of Christ” are also most visible in the presentations of every parish and Catholic organization all over the world.

I became interested to know them further and took time to research. Who are these men? What kind of life did they lead before meeting Christ and decided to follow Him? Where did they go after Christ’s death and resurrection? Why was St. Peter chosen to be the first pope? What happened to Judas Iscariot? 

12 apostles 2

  1. Simon Peter – Renamed by Jesus to Peter (meaning rock), his original name was Simon bar Jonah. He  was a fisherman from Bethsaida “of Galilee. Also known as Simon bar Jochanan (Aram.), Cephas (Aram.).
  2. Andrew – The brother of Simon/Peter, a Bethsaida fisherman, and a former disciple of John the Baptist.
  3. James – son of Zebedee: The brother of John.
  4. John -The brother of James. Jesus named both of them Bo-aner’ges, which means “sons of thunder”.
  5.  Philip – From the Bethsaida of Galilee.
  6. Bartholomew – Son of Talemai and usually identified with the name Nathanael,
  7.  Matthew – The tax collector. There are indications that Matthew was also known as Levi.
  8. Thomas – Judas Thomas Didymus – Aramaic T’oma’ meaning twin, and Greek “Didymos” also meaning twin.
  9. James, son of Alphaeus – Generally identified with “James the Less“, and also identified by Roman Catholics with “James the Just
  10. Thaddeus – in some manuscripts of Matthew, he was referred to as  “Lebbaeus”. Thaddeus is traditionally identified with Jude;
  11. Simon the Zealot – Also identified him with Simeon of Jerusalem.
  12.  Judas Iscariot: The disciple who later betrayed Jesus. The name Iscariot may refer to the Judaean towns of Kerioth or to thesicarii (Jewish nationalist insurrectionists), or to Issachar. Also referred to as “Judas, the son of Simon”.

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